How To Germinate Cannabis Seeds

Caring for a plan is an exciting process. You always want to make sure you’re providing enough water, soil, light, and fertilizer. One slip-up could mean the end for your beloved plant. Marijuana plants require a lot of care and attention. You may be wondering how the process of growing marijuana works and if it’s as simple as growing other plants. 

When you’re growing cannabis from seeds, the germination process can take a few different forms. We’ll be going over different ways to propagate marijuana plants:

Different Growing Methods 

Regular Cannabis Seeds

If you plant a regular cannabis seed, you’ll have no idea if the plant will be male, female, or hermaphrodite until it reaches the budding stage. Male plants produce pollen that breeders can use to fertilize female plants. The female plants can then produce seeds that feature a variation of their genetics. They’ll take 1-4 days to germinate. Most people choose to grow female plants only because their flowers/buds contain concentrated levels of cannabinoids.


Cannabis cloning is done by taking cuttings from a mother plant so as to produce an exact genetic copy of that plant. With this method, growers can grow multiple young plants with guaranteed genetics and sex. After dipping the end of the cutting in a rooting solution, put it in a block of rock wool in a covered tray and leave it under lights, keeping it damp. The clone will root within 1 to 3 weeks, and then you can replant it in a pot with your preferred growing medium. 

Autoflowering Seeds

Autoflowering cannabis seeds are one of the more popular choices for growers. Autoflower seeds produce only female plants. These seeds are designed so that the plant switches from a vegetative stage to a flowering stage automatically, without the need for specifically timed lighting. Autoflowering seeds also take about 1-4 days to germinate. They are also more resistant to temperature fluctuations, fungi, and pests. 

Feminized Cannabis Seeds 

Feminized seeds remove the guessing game when it comes to identifying if the plant is male or female. Using feminized seeds will ensure you avoid getting male plants in the growing process. They also require less attention and allow for faster harvests. 

The Germinating Process 

The Paper Towel Method

A tried-and-true method of germinating cannabis seeds involves the paper towel method. Simply soak 2-4 sheets of paper towel in distilled water and place the cannabis seeds on the two pieces of wet paper towel. Use the remaining two pieces and place them over the seeds. Place the paper towel (with the seeds inside) in a dark and secure place. 

Temperature Control 

Most cannabis seeds germinate better with high moisture levels and warmth. It’s recommended that a temperature between 21 and 26 degrees Celsius is the best option for properly germinating cannabis seeds. A lower temperature or humidity can result in a slower germination process, but going too high can lead to the development of fungi. 


Once the germinated seeds are ready for planting, you’ll want to transplant them carefully:

  • Fill pots with a growing medium. 
  • Gently drop the seeds in with the taproot facing down and cover with  ½ inch of soil.
  • Use a spray bottle to water the seedlings. Do not oversaturate them with water.
  • Soon you’ll see plants growing.

If you’re in the market for regulated cannabis products, Green Gaia has a plethora of selections, from pre-rolls to edibles. Whether you’re experienced or new to the world of cannabis, our shop is equipped with knowledgeable staff that can help you with your unique needs.

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